Best Practices for Food Safety in the School Garden
Just like on the farm, the principles of Good Agricultural Practices and food handling techniques should be followed in a school garden to provide basic food safety.
The fundamental principals of garden food safety are:
- CLEAN SOIL - Learn about the soil your using for the school garden and get it tested for contaminants before you start planting.
- CLEAN WATER - Monitor the water quality used on the garden and for washing the produce. For example, the water used for washing produce should be of drinking quality.
- CLEAN HANDS - Wash hands in warm, soapy water for at least 20 seconds before working in the garden and harvesting food.
- CLEAN SURFACES - Wash and sanitize all work stations and packing bins used for produce in the garden.
Adapted from CFSC and National Farm to School Network Food Safety and School Garden Best Practices
At the bottom of the page are some great resources and guidelines to follow to ensure food is grown safely in the school garden. They go into more detail about food safety in the garden and give sample protocols that school districts are using. North Carolina State University and North Carolina Cooperative Extension recently published "Food Safety for School + Community Gardens," available at www.growingsafergardens.com.
Let's Move! Gardening Guide - School Garden [external link]: This downloadable checklist provides you with a step-by-step guide that offers important information about how to safely grow your own fruits and vegetables with your students. Check it out before you start your garden.
Can food grown in school gardens be served in the cafeteria?
Yes it can! In 2009, the USDA released a memo regarding frequently asked questions about using food from school gardens in school lunch. In Washington State, as a statewide effort to provide guidance to encourage schools to offer salad bars that feature produce from school gardens and local farms, Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) published "SAFE Salad Bars in Schools - A Guide to School Food Service" to minimize the risk of foodborn illnesses. The guide presents clear guidance to school district staff and decision makers, using state-level knowledge and expertise and consulting national sources. Please visit our "Salad Bar" page for the guide and other resources.
Before using produce from the school garden, the USDA recommends visiting the garden and asking the lead gardener about growing practices, including the history of the land use, water sources, soil sampling and results, use of fertilizers and pesticides, and animal control measures. To learn more, check out USDA and National Food Service Management Institute's Food Safety Tips for School Gardens, download the memo at the bottom of this page and review the resources below.
- USDA_School Gardens QandA Memo.pdf - 24 KB - Memo from USDA about serving food from school gardens in cafeteria
- School Garden Best Practices - Natl Farm to School Network.pdf - 652 KB - Fresh, Healthy, and Safe Food: Best Practices for Using Produce from School Gardens - Created by the National Farm to School Network
- School Gardens Food Safety Tips - Maryland Extension.pdf - 580 KB - School Garden Food Safety Tips from Maryland Cooperative Extension
- Student and Food Safety: Best Practices for Hawai'i School Gardens - 771 KB
- Serving Foods Grown in School Gardens.pdf - 49 KB - Serving Food Grown in School Gardens - A sample from Portland Public Schools, Portland, OR
- DPS GardenToCafeteria protocol-final.pdf - 714 KB - Using Garden Produce in the Cafeteria - A sample from Denver Public Schools